[Musculoskeletal disorders as causes of sick leave and disability benefits]

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2010 Dec 2;130(23):2369-70. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.10.0236.
[Article in Norwegian]


Background: Musculoskeletal disorders make up a heterogeneous group. Our aim was to describe the variation in social insurance benefits for the most prevalent disorders within this group.

Material and methods: The study was based on the Norwegian labour and welfare administration's registers on sickness benefits and disability benefits.

Results: Of the musculoskeletal disorders, low back conditions are the most frequent causes of sick leave and disability benefits, and account for 11 and 9% respectively. Neck and shoulder disorders are also common causes of sick leave, while osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia are common causes of disability benefits and each account for 5% of all new cases.

Interpretation: The labour and welfare administration should continue to focus on musculoskeletal disorders to prevent long-term sick leave and permanent absence from work.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Back Pain / diagnosis
  • Back Pain / epidemiology
  • Back Pain / prevention & control
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Health
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / epidemiology
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Neck Pain / diagnosis
  • Neck Pain / epidemiology
  • Neck Pain / prevention & control
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Pain / diagnosis*
  • Pain / epidemiology
  • Pain / prevention & control
  • Sick Leave*
  • Social Security