Diagnosis and treatment protocols of cutaneous melanoma: latest approach 2010

Chirurgia (Bucur). 2010 Sep-Oct;105(5):637-43.


Cutaneous melanoma is the most aggressive skin malignancies with increasing rate of incidence in the latest decades. New imaging technique plays an important role in melanoma management: dermoscopy and computer dermoscopy, ultrasound, MRI, CT, PET and PET/CT. Due to the dermoscopy and lesion diagnosis in early stages the increasing number of curative melanoma are registered. Sentinel lymph node biopsy became a compulsory phase for patients with tumor thickness > 1 mm. Serological biomarkers proved to be a necessary investigation for melanoma diagnosis, follow-up and treatment response. Current TNM melanoma staging is based on AJCC classification since 2001 witch includes new elements like histopathologic ulceration in stage I and II and lymph node micro- and macrometastases in stage III. Treatment protocols include surgical tumor excision with only 1-2 cm safety margins and radical lymphadenectomy is performed after positive sentinel lymph node biopsy. The adjuvant treatment in advanced stages including chemotherapy, unspecific immunotherapy and interferon offers poor results regarding free disease terms rate of survival. The advanced therapeutic procedure like golden nanospheres and gene therapy are recently studied and represent an alternative for future treatment of melanoma. Follow-up protocols have a great importance for detection of the melanoma recurrences and include clinical, serological and imaging evaluation. Despite all new knowledge and technological support the advanced stage melanoma management still remain an unsolved problem.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Early Detection of Cancer
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Medical Oncology / trends
  • Melanoma / diagnosis*
  • Melanoma / mortality
  • Melanoma / therapy*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Risk Factors
  • Romania / epidemiology
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
  • Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Skin Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome