Chymosin is an important industrial enzyme widely used in cheese manufacture. To improve expression efficiency of recombinant bovine chymosin in Kluyveromyces lactis strain GG799, we designed and synthesized a DNA sequence encoding bovine prochymosin gene (GenBank Accession No. AA30448) by using optimized codons. The synthesized prochymosin gene was amplified by two-step PCR method, and then cloned into the expression vector pKLAC1, resulting in pKLAC1-Prochy. pKLAC1-Prochy was linearized and transformed into K. lactis GG799 by electrotransformation. Positive clones were screened by YEPD plates containing 1% casein. A recombinant strain chyl with highest activities and multi-copy integration which was detected by using specifical integration primers was chosen and fermented in flask. Prochymosin was expressed in K. lactis successfully. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed that the purified recombinant bovine prochymosin had a molecular mass of 41 kDa. After acid treatment, molecular weight of chymosin is about 36 kDa, the same as native bovine chymosin. Activity tests showed that the chymosin activity of the culture supernatant was 99.67 SU/mL after 96 h cultivation. The activities of chymosin were not prominent increased when galactose was used as carbon source instead of glucose, which proved that the fermentation of recombinant strain does not need galactose inducing. The recombinant K. lactis strain obtained in this study could be further used to produce recombinant chymosin for cheese making.