To determine the effects of statins on vascular function, inflammation, and androgen levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), we randomized 20 women with PCOS who had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels >100 mg/dL to atorvastatin (40 mg/day) or placebo for 6 weeks and found that atorvastatin reduced androgen levels, biomarkers of inflammation, and blood pressure; increased insulin levels and brachial artery conductance during reactive hyperemia; and failed to improve brachial artery flow-mediated dilation. We conclude that until additional studies demonstrate a clear risk-to-benefit ratio favoring statin therapy in PCOS, statins should only be used in women with PCOS who meet current indications for statin treatment.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00529542.
Copyright © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.