The HSP60 immune system network

Trends Immunol. 2011 Feb;32(2):89-95. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2010 Dec 8.


Heat shock proteins (HSPs) were initially discovered as participants in the cellular response to stress. It is now clear, however, that self and microbial HSPs also play an important role in the control of the immune response. Here, we focus on HSP60 and its interactions with both the innate and adaptive immune system in mammals. We also consider that circulating HSP60 and the quantities and specificities of serum antibodies to HSP60 provide a biomarker to monitor the immune status of the individual. Thus, the dual role of HSP60 as an immune modulator and a biomarker, provides an opportunity to modulate immunity for therapeutic purposes, and to monitor the immune response in health and disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptive Immunity
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Chaperonin 60 / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immune System*
  • Immunity, Innate


  • Biomarkers
  • Chaperonin 60