Objectives: To examine the clinical characteristics, treatment, and survival of adult patients with renal sarcoma treated at our institution during the past 2 decades.
Methods: A retrospective review of the demographic, presentation, treatment, and outcome data for 41 adult patients with renal sarcoma treated at our institution from January 1989 to December 2009 was performed. The clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed to determine their effect on survival.
Results: Of the 41 patients, 18 were women and 23 were men. Their median age was 42 years (range 19-76). The median tumor size was 13 cm (range 4-35); 29 cases (70.7%) were high grade. The predominant histologic subtype was leiomyosarcoma (39.0%). At diagnosis, 6 patients (14.6%) had metastatic disease. Surgical resection was performed in 34 patients (82.9%), with negative margins in 22 (53.7%). After a median follow-up of 24 months (range 3-80), 3 patients (8.1%) had survived disease free, 11 (29.7%) were alive with disease, and 23 (62.2%) had died of disease. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rate was 86.3%, 40.7%, and 14.5%, respectively, and the median survival was 28 months. The median survival after recurrence was 10 months (range 4-24) and that after metastasis 8 months (range 0-22). On univariate analyses, nonmetastatic disease (P = .001) and surgical resection (P = .000) were predictive of a favorable outcome. On multivariate analyses, surgical resection was the only independent predictor of survival (hazard ratio 35.629, P = .022).
Conclusions: Adult renal sarcoma accounts for 0.8% of renal cancer cases and has a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis and surgical resection offer patients the best chance of survival.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.