Corneal damage of various origins initiates a series of processes which lead to repair but also tend to perpetuate the damage; healing thus depends on the prevalence of repair over progression processes. The plasminogen/plasmin system has an important impact on this process, particularly by degrading the extracellular matrix components with resulting interference of the repair processes. This paper presents the immunoblotting analysis of fibronectin, tissue and urokinase-type plasminogen activators and plasminogen/plasmin in the tear fluid of control subjects and patients affected by various ocular pathologies (corneal ulcers, thermal or chemical burns, herpetic keratitis). A significant modification was noted in the protein profiles of fibronectin, tissue and urokinase-type plasminogen activators and plasminogen/plasmin in the cases of corneal ulcers and thermal or chemical burns relative to the pattern observed in the control subjects, while in cases of herpetic keratitis, only plasminogen/plasmin showed slight variations. The altered protein patterns gradually normalized during therapeutic treatment and, at remission, coincided with those of the control subjects.