Reproductive changes associated with celiac disease

World J Gastroenterol. 2010 Dec 14;16(46):5810-4. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i46.5810.


Celiac disease is a mucosal disorder of the small intestine that may be triggered by dietary exposure to gluten in genetically-susceptible individuals. The disorder is often associated with diarrhea, malabsorption and weight loss along with other extra-intestinal complications. Reproductive changes have been described, including impaired fertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes possibly related to immune-mediated mechanisms or nutrient deficiency. Other possible pathogenetic factors that may alter placental function include maternal celiac disease autoantibodies binding to placental transglutaminase, and genetic mutations that may facilitate microthrombus formation. Reports noting activation during pregnancy or the puerperium may be important, and suggest that celiac disease may also be hypothetically precipitated by maternal exposure to one or more fetal antigens.

MeSH terms

  • Celiac Disease / complications*
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology*
  • Pregnancy Outcome*
  • Reproduction*