Pregnant women and children's exposure to tobacco and solid fuel smoke in southwestern India

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Jul;24(7):973-7. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2010.537411. Epub 2010 Dec 15.


Objectives: To examine factors associated with smoke exposure among pregnant women in rural India.

Methods: We conducted a survey of exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) and solid fuel smoke (SFS) among 736 pregnant women. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed using logistic regression models to assess the relationship between demographic variables and exposure to SHS and to SFS.

Results: While few respondents smoked cigarettes, 19.9% of women and 27.8% of children were frequently or always exposed to SHS, and 43.5% were at high and 46.7% at medium risk for SFE. Low educational levels and illiteracy were associated with exposure.

Conclusions: Smoke exposure is a serious health risk for many poor women and children in India.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Infant
  • Maternal Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pregnancy
  • Rural Population
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult


  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution