Phase 1 study of conatumumab, a pro-apoptotic death receptor 5 agonist antibody, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Sep;68(3):733-41. doi: 10.1007/s00280-010-1544-1. Epub 2010 Dec 16.


Purpose: Conatumumab is a fully human monoclonal agonist antibody against human death receptor 5 (DR5). The primary objectives of this phase 1 study were to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of conatumumab in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Methods: This is an open-label ascending dose study with a starting dose level of 3 mg/kg. Subsequent doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg were planned. Six patients were enrolled into 1 of 3 dose cohorts (3, 10, or 20 mg/kg) of conatumumab administered intravenously once every 2 weeks as a single agent. No conatumumab was administered on day 43 to allow the assessment of terminal PK parameters. The primary endpoints were the incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and assessment of PK parameters of conatumumab.

Results: Eighteen patients received at least 1 dose of conatumumab. There were no DLTs observed as defined in the protocol. No patients had an adverse event leading to conatumumab discontinuation. Conatumumab demonstrated dose-linear kinetics. A best response of stable disease was reported in nine patients. Monocytes were found to express DR5 and showed a high degree of conatumumab receptor occupancy after treatment at all dose levels.

Conclusions: Conatumumab administered up to 20 mg/kg once every 2 weeks was well tolerated in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Adverse events and PK in these patients were similar to those in the first in human (FIH) study.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase I

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies / analysis
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Area Under Curve
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endpoint Determination
  • Female
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / drug effects
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / agonists*


  • Antibodies
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand
  • conatumumab