Purpose: Conatumumab is a fully human monoclonal agonist antibody against human death receptor 5 (DR5). The primary objectives of this phase 1 study were to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of conatumumab in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.
Methods: This is an open-label ascending dose study with a starting dose level of 3 mg/kg. Subsequent doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg were planned. Six patients were enrolled into 1 of 3 dose cohorts (3, 10, or 20 mg/kg) of conatumumab administered intravenously once every 2 weeks as a single agent. No conatumumab was administered on day 43 to allow the assessment of terminal PK parameters. The primary endpoints were the incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and assessment of PK parameters of conatumumab.
Results: Eighteen patients received at least 1 dose of conatumumab. There were no DLTs observed as defined in the protocol. No patients had an adverse event leading to conatumumab discontinuation. Conatumumab demonstrated dose-linear kinetics. A best response of stable disease was reported in nine patients. Monocytes were found to express DR5 and showed a high degree of conatumumab receptor occupancy after treatment at all dose levels.
Conclusions: Conatumumab administered up to 20 mg/kg once every 2 weeks was well tolerated in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Adverse events and PK in these patients were similar to those in the first in human (FIH) study.