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. 2011 Aug;104(1):169-77.
doi: 10.1007/s11060-010-0496-y. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Inhibition of NF-κB Signaling Commits Resveratrol-Treated Medulloblastoma Cells to Apoptosis Without Neuronal Differentiation


Inhibition of NF-κB Signaling Commits Resveratrol-Treated Medulloblastoma Cells to Apoptosis Without Neuronal Differentiation

Shu Wen et al. J Neurooncol. .


Resveratrol promotes differentiation and apoptosis of medulloblastoma cells by suppressing STAT3 signaling and a range of cancer-associated gene expression. However, Bcl-2, a common target of STAT3 and NF-κB signaling, is distinctly up-regulated in resveratrol-treated medulloblastoma cells, indicating potential effects of NF-κB in Bcl-2 expression and anti-medulloblastoma efficiency of resveratrol. To clarify this point, the status of NF-κB signaling and the consequence of NF-κB inhibition in UW228-2 and UW228-3 medulloblastoma cells without and with resveratrol treatment were evaluated by several experimental approaches. The results revealed that resveratrol activated NF-κB signaling in both cell lines at the 4-h treatment point, and the treated cells sequentially exhibited Bcl-2 up-regulation, neuronal-like phenotype with synaptophisin expression, and, eventually, apoptosis. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) treatment inhibited NF-κB activation and Bcl-2 expression and committed resveratrol-treated cells to apoptosis at the 8-h time point without the step of neuron-oriented differentiation. On the other hand, a single 50 μg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment activated NF-κB signaling accompanied with sustained proliferation and neuron-like differentiation. Tissue microarray-based immunohistochemical staining showed significantly different (P < 0.001) p65 nuclear translocation between the neurons of tumor-surrounding cerebella (10/10; 100%) and medulloblastoma tissues (20/117; 17.09%). Additionally, synaptophysin production was found in 83.64% of p65-positive and in 40.35% of p65-negative medulloblastoma cases. Our in-vitro and in-vivo results thus demonstrate the dual effects of NF-κB signaling on medulloblastoma cells by delaying resveratrol-induced apoptosis by up-regulating Bcl-2 expression or by involvement in neuronal-like differentiation in the absence of resveratrol. Therefore, appropriate inhibition of NF-κB activation may enhance the anti-medulloblastoma efficacy of resveratrol.

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