Background & aims: Recently, studies have reported that sesame oil lowered blood pressure and improved antioxidant status in hypertensive and diabetic-hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sesame oil with anti-diabetic (glibenclamide) medication as combination therapy in mild-to moderate diabetic patients.
Methods: This open label study included sixty type 2 diabetes mellitus patients divided into 3 groups, receiving sesame oil (n = 18), 5 mg/day (single dose) of glibenclamide (n = 20), or their combination (n = 22). The patients were supplied with sesame oil [BNB Sesame oil(TM)] except glibenclamide group, and instructed to use approximately 35 g of oil/day/person for cooking, or salad preparation for 60 days. 12 h-fasting venous blood samples were collected at baseline (0 day) and after 60 days of the experiment for various biochemical analysis.
Results: As compared with sesame oil and glibenclamide alone, combination therapy showed an improved anti-hyperglycemic effect with 36% reduction of glucose (P < 0.001 vs before treatment, P < 0.01 vs sesame oil monotherapy, P < 0.05 vs glibenclamide monotherapy) and 43% reduction of HbA(1c) (P < 0.001 vs before treatment, P < 0.01 vs sesame oil monotherapy, P < 0.05 vs glibenclamide monotherapy) at the end point. Significant reductions in the plasma TC, LDL-C and TG levels were noted in sesame oil (20%, 33.8% and 14% respectively vs before treatment) or combination therapies (22%, 38% and 15% respectively vs before treatment). Plasma HDL-C was significantly improved in sesame oil (15.7% vs before treatment) or combination therapies (17% before treatment). Significant (P < 0.001) improvement was observed in the activities of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in patients treated with sesame oil and its combination with glibenclamide.
Conclusions: Sesame oil exhibited synergistic effect with glibenclamide and can provide a safe and effective option for the drug combination that may be very useful in clinical practice for the effective improvement of hyperglycemia.
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