Background and purpose: Recent advances in endovascular devices have been aimed at providing high density, mesh-like metallic materials across the aneurysm neck, in place of coil technology. Therefore our aim was to report the in vivo preclinical performance of a self-expanding intrasaccular embolization device.
Materials and methods: Elastase-induced aneurysms were created in 12 rabbits. Each aneurysm was embolized with a Luna AES. DSA was performed preimplantation; 5, 10, and 30 minutes postimplantation; and at 1 month in 12 rabbits and at 3 months in 8 rabbits. Early postimplantation intra-aneurysmal flow was graded as unchanged, moderately diminished, or completely absent. One- and 3-month DSAs were graded by using a 3-point scale (complete, near-complete, or incomplete occlusion). Aneurysms were harvested for gross and microscopic histologic evaluation at 1 month (n = 4) and at 3 months (n = 8). Tissues within the aneurysm dome and across the aneurysm neck were assessed by using HE staining.
Results: Ten (83%) of 12 aneurysms demonstrated complete cessation of flow within 30 minutes of device implantation. At 1-month follow-up, 10 (83%) of 12 aneurysms were completely occluded. At 3 months, 7 of 8 (88%) aneurysms remained completely occluded. One-month gross examination in 4 rabbits demonstrated that membranous tissue completely covered the device in 3 subjects (75%). Microscopic examination showed that 3 aneurysms had loose connective tissue filling the aneurysm cavity. Three-month gross and microscopic examinations demonstrated membranous tissue completely covering the device, loose connective tissue filling the aneurysm cavity, and neointima formation crossing the aneurysm neck in 8 of 8 (100.0%) subjects.
Conclusions: The Luna AES achieved high rates of complete angiographic occlusion and showed promising histologic findings in the rabbit aneurysm model.