Aims: To determine the incidence and examine temporal trends of Type 1 diabetes among children aged < 18 years, in a large Israeli health organization.
Methods: All incident Type 1 diabetes cases diagnosed between 2000 and 2008 were ascertained from an automated diabetes registry based on members' electronic records and validated by comparison with the Israel Juvenile Diabetes Register.
Results: During the study period, a total of 648 incident cases of Type 1 diabetes were identified. The average annual age-and-sex-standardized incidence was 11.09 per 100,000 person-years. There was an annual 5.82% (95% CI 1.80-9.98%) rise in incidence, with a greater relative increase in toddlers under 5 years of age. Incidence increased with age and demonstrated seasonal variation. Mean age at onset of diabetes significantly (P = 0.07) decreased from 10.21 years (SD = 4.48) in 2000-2002 to 9.25 years (SD = 4.54) in 2006-2008. Among very young patients (< 5 years), average blood glucose values at diagnosis dropped from 32.4 mmol/l (SD = 9.5) to 19.5 mmol/l (SD = 11.0) over the study period, with little change in average glucose for older children.
Conclusions: Incidence of diagnosed Type 1 diabetes continues to increase in Israel at a rate that is high compared with similar American and European populations. At the same time, the clinical presentation of children is changing.
© 2010 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2010 Diabetes UK.