Proteoglycans synthesized in vitro by nude and normal mouse peritoneal macrophages

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1990 Jul 12;1053(2-3):135-43. doi: 10.1016/0167-4889(90)90005-x.


Peritoneal macrophages from nude mice were found to be functionally similar to 'activated' macrophages from normal mice. The objective of the present study was to characterize the proteoglycans synthesized and secreted in vitro by peritoneal macrophages isolated from nude and normal Balb/c mice and to investigate the relationship between macrophage 'activation' and changes in the proteoglycan patterns. Macrophages obtained by peritoneal lavage were seeded in Petri dishes. After 2 h incubation at 37 degrees C, the adherent cells (macrophages) were exposed to [35S]sulphate for the biosynthetic labelling of proteoglycans. After incubation, the cell and medium fractions were collected and analysed for proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans. The glycosaminoglycans were identified and characterized by a combination of agarose gel electrophoresis and enzymatic degradation with specific mucopolysaccharidases. It was shown that 3/4 of the total 35S-labelled glycosaminoglycans were in the extracellular compartment after 24-48 h. The macrophages synthesized dermatan sulphate (68%), chondroitin sulphate (7%) and heparan sulphate (25%). Both cell and medium fractions of normal and nude mouse macrophages contained glycosaminoglycans with the same ratios, although the nude mouse macrophages synthesized 2-fold less glycosaminoglycans than the normal mouse macrophages. Lower levels of 35S-proteoglycans were also obtained from in vitro 'activated' macrophages, but the ratios of dermatan sulphate:chondroitin sulphate: heparan sulphate were altered in these cells as compared to the control. Furthermore, all the 35S-macromolecules found in the extracellular compartment of nude and normal control cells were of proteoglycan nature, in contrast to the medium fractions of 'activated' macrophages, which contain both intact proteoglycans and 'free' glycosaminoglycan chains. These results indicate that, at least as regards the proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans, the nude mouse macrophages are not identical to the 'activated' macrophages from normal mice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans / biosynthesis
  • Chondroitin Sulfates / biosynthesis
  • Dermatan Sulfate / biosynthesis
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Heparitin Sulfate / biosynthesis
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Macrophage Activation*
  • Macrophages / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • Peritoneal Cavity
  • Proteoglycans / biosynthesis*


  • Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans
  • Proteoglycans
  • Dermatan Sulfate
  • Chondroitin Sulfates
  • Heparitin Sulfate