Twenty years after Erich Muhe: Persisting controversies with the gold standard of laparoscopic cholecystectomy

J Minim Access Surg. 2006 Jun;2(2):49-58. doi: 10.4103/0972-9941.26646.


This review article is a tribute to the genius of Professor Erich Muhe, a man ahead of his times. We trace the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and detail the tribulations faced by Muhe. On the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we take another look at some of the controversies surrounding this gold standard in the management of gallbladder disease.

Keywords: Controversies; Erich Muhe; laparoscopic cholecystectomy.