Video-assisted thoracic surgery for bronchiectasis

Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Jan;91(1):239-43. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.08.035.


Background: Bronchiectasis is one of the common diseases diagnosed in the world. No major improvement for the treatment approaches and limited efficacy promote a big challenge for management of this disease. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) offers a new choice for the treatment of bronchiectasis. The purpose of this study was to present our experience of VATS for bronchiectasis and to compare this with thoracotomy in our institution.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent VATS lobectomy and general lobectomy for bronchiectasis between January 2005 and December 2009.

Results: A total of 279 patients underwent thoracotomy, 52 patients underwent attempted VATS lobectomy. Fifty-two patients from 279 patients for thoracotomy were selected and compared with the VATS group. Pleural adhesion was observed in 15 patients (28.8%) in VATS. The VATS lobectomy was converted to open thoracotomy in 7 patients. There was no difference in the blood loss and median operative time between the two groups, but the patients with VATS had shorter length of stay in hospital (p=0.045), fewer complications (p=0.039) than those with thoracotomy. Forty-nine (94%) and 46 (88%) patients fully recovered after operation by VATS and thoracotomy, respectively.

Conclusions: Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy in localized bronchiectasis is a safe and more efficient procedure in selected patients with better recovery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bronchiectasis / complications
  • Bronchiectasis / diagnosis
  • Bronchiectasis / surgery*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumonectomy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted*
  • Thoracotomy
  • Treatment Outcome