Background: A chymotrypsin found in the secretions of Lucilia sericata and manufactured as a recombinant enzyme degrades chronic wound eschar ex vivo.
Objectives: To characterize the inhibition profile of the L. sericata recombinant chymotrypsin I.
Methods: Activity of recombinant chymotrypsin I and its sensitivity to endogenous inhibitors were determined enzymatically using the fluorogenic substrate succinyl-alanyl-alanyl-prolyl-phenylalanyl-aminomethyl coumarin.
Results: We report the presence of high concentrations of two endogenous inhibitors, α1-antichymotrypsin and α1-antitrypsin, in wound eschar and a trace of a third, α2-macroglobulin, with the potential to inhibit this debridement process. However, the addition of a soluble and inhibitor-containing extract of chronic wound eschar to chymotrypsin I did not affect activity of the enzyme, neither did the addition of purified native α1-antichymotrypsin or α1-antitrypsin, although chymotrypsin I was inhibited by α2-macroglobulin. Conversely, the mammalian equivalent, α-chymotrypsin, was inhibited by the purified native α1-antichymotrypsin, α1-antitrypsin and α2-macroglobulin and by the soluble extract of wound eschar.
Conclusions: The data suggest that the maggot-derived chymotrypsin I is biochemically distinct from human α-chymotrypsin and the lack of inhibition by wound eschar suggests a means by which chymotrypsin I activity survives within the wound to contribute towards debridement during maggot biotherapy.
© 2010 The Authors. BJD © 2010 British Association of Dermatologists 2010.