Neighbourhood deprivation and regional inequalities in self-reported health among Canadians: are we equally at risk?

Health Place. 2011 Jan;17(1):361-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.11.016. Epub 2010 Dec 8.


Individual-level data from the Canadian Community Health Survey was combined with area-level data from the 2001 Canada Census to explore the relationship between neighbourhood deprivation and regional inequalities in self-reported health (n=120,290). While neighbourhood deprivation was a significant predictor of fair/poor health in all geographic regions (OR=1.11; 95% CI: 1.08, 1.14), living on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts exacerbated the detrimental effects of neighbourhood deprivation on the perceived health of respondents (OR=1.21; 1.28). By failing to explore regional variations in risk, we could fail to identify areas where provincial policies may interact with neighbourhood factors to reinforce health inequalities amongst deprived communities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Status Disparities*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Poverty Areas*
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Report
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult