Background: Perfusion computed tomography (PCT) shows promise in acute stroke assessment. However, the accuracy of CT perfusion thresholds in defining the acute infarct core remains uncertain.
Method: Concurrent PCT and MRI-DWI performed 3-6 h after symptoms onset were assessed in 57 ischemic stroke patients. PCT was compared to DWI images to define the infarct core using a pixel-based receiver operating characteristic curve analysis to calculate the area under the curve (AUC) for thresholds from PCT maps that were co-registered with the DWI slice location.
Results: A relative cerebral blood flow (CBF) of 45% of the contralateral hemisphere was found to be the most accurate threshold for describing the infarct core (AUC 0.788), and it was also by far the most frequent threshold with the highest AUC across patients.
Conclusion: CBF thresholds on PCT define the acute infarct core more accurately than do other PCT thresholds, including a cerebral blood volume of 2 ml/100 g.
Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.