Development and pilot testing of the collaborative practice assessment tool

J Interprof Care. 2011 May;25(3):189-95. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2010.532620. Epub 2010 Dec 23.


Collaborative practice is receiving increased attention as a model of healthcare delivery that positively influences the effectiveness and efficiency of patient care while improving the work environment of healthcare providers. The collaborative practice assessment tool (CPAT) was developed from the literature to enable interprofessional teams to assess their collaborative practice. The CPAT survey included 56 items across nine domains including: mission and goals; relationships; leadership; role responsibilities and autonomy; communication; decision-making and conflict management; community linkages and coordination; perceived effectiveness and patient involvement; in addition to three open-ended questions. The tool was developed for use in a variety of settings involving a diversity of healthcare providers with the aim of helping teams to identify professional development needs and corresponding educational interventions. The results of two pilot tests indicated that the CPAT is a valid and reliable tool for assessing levels of collaborative practice within teams. This article describes the development of the tool, the pilot testing and validation process, as well as limitations of the tool.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Delivery of Health Care / standards
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Ontario
  • Patient Care Team
  • Pilot Projects
  • Reproducibility of Results