The relationships between food group consumption, self-rated health, and life satisfaction of community-dwelling canadian older men: the manitoba follow-up study

J Nutr Elder. 2009 Apr;28(2):158-73. doi: 10.1080/01639360902950182.


We conducted a cross-sectional evaluation nested within a long-term cohort study that was designed to examine the relationship between frequency of food group consumption (FGC), self-rated health, and life satisfaction of community-dwelling older men in the Manitoba Follow-up Study. Questionnaires returned from 1,211 Canadian male participants contained frequency of FGC (daily, most days, or rarely), self-reported nutrition, and health-related perceptions. Men consuming vegetables/fruit (V&F) daily versus rarely were four times more likely to report better self-rated health OR = 4.00 (95%CI = 1.31, 12.3) and three times more likely to rate greater life satisfaction OR = 3.08 (95%CI = 1.00, 9.45). Our findings indicate that frequent consumption of V&F is associated with the perception of better health and greater life satisfaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diet / psychology*
  • Diet / standards
  • Diet Surveys
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Fruit
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Manitoba
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vegetables