Background: Early prognosis, adequate goal setting, and referral are important for stroke management.
Objective: To investigate if independent gait 6 months poststroke can be accurately predicted within the first 72 hours poststroke, based on simple clinical bedside tests. Reassessment on days 5 and 9 was used to check whether accuracy changed over time.
Methods: In 154 first-ever ischemic stroke patients unable to walk independently, 19 demographic and clinical variables were assessed within 72 hours and again on days 5 and 9 poststroke. Multivariable logistic modeling was applied to identify early prognostic factors for regaining independent gait, defined as ≥4 points on the Functional Ambulation Categories.
Results: Multivariable modeling showed that patients with an independent sitting balance (Trunk Control Test-sitting; 30 seconds) and strength of the hemiparetic leg (Motricity Index leg; eg, visible contraction for all 3 items, or movement against resistance but weaker for 1 item) on day 2 poststroke had a 98% probability of achieving independent gait at 6 months. Absence of these features in the first 72 hours was associated with a probability of 27%, declining to 10% by day 9.
Conclusions: Accurate prediction of independent gait performance can be made soon after stroke, using 2 simple bedside tests: "sitting balance" and "strength of the hemiparetic leg." This knowledge is useful for making early clinical decisions regarding treatment goals and discharge planning at hospital stroke units.