Previous studies have shown that single immunoglobulin IL-1 receptor-related molecule (SIGIRR) is a negative regulator of Toll-Interleukin-1 receptor signaling. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism of the negatively regulatory effect of SIGIRR remains unknown. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified paralemmin-3 (PALM3) as a novel binding protein of SIGIRR. This interaction of SIGIRR with PALM3 was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation in mammalian cells. In addition, the PALM3 mRNA expression was upregulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulation in a human alveolar epithelial cell line (A549 cells). Furthermore, silencing PALM3 by RNA interference inhibited the release of inflammatory cytokines in A549 cells after LPS-stimulation. These results suggest that PALM3 may function as an adaptor in the LPS- Toll-like receptor 4 signaling and the interaction of SIGIRR with PALM3 may partly account for the mechanism of the negatively regulatory effect of SIGIRR.
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