Islet neogenesis associated protein (INGAP) stimulates experimental pancreatic islet growth, as evidenced by elevated markers of beta cell mass, in rodents, dogs and primates. Previous analyses of mice that have a transgenic expression of INGAP targeted to the exocrine pancreas have indicated additional biological activity attributed to INGAP. In this study we report on mice with a targeted expression of INGAP to the islet beta cell. The beta cell transgenic mice (IP-INGAP) showed enhanced normalization of blood glucose during IPGTT. Further, IP-INGAP mice had a significant delay in development of hyperglycemia following a diabetogenic dose of streptozotocin. INGAP conferred beta cell protection and enhanced islet function. Analysis of oxidative stress genes in IP-INGAP mice revealed a decrease in islet expression of the NADPH oxidase, NOX1, in both basal state and in response to pro-inflammatory cytokine stimulation. These data are consistent with a pleiotropic role for INGAP and reveal new pathways to target in the discovery of improved diabetic therapies.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.