Developing the mental health workforce: review and application of training approaches from multiple disciplines

Adm Policy Ment Health. 2011 Jul;38(4):238-53. doi: 10.1007/s10488-010-0331-y.


Strategies specifically designed to facilitate the training of mental health practitioners in evidence-based practices (EBPs) have lagged behind the development of the interventions themselves. The current paper draws from an interdisciplinary literature (including medical training, adult education, and teacher training) to identify useful training and support approaches as well as important conceptual frameworks that may be applied to training in mental health. Theory and research findings are reviewed, which highlight the importance of continued consultation/support following training workshops, congruence between the training content and practitioner experience, and focus on motivational issues. In addition, six individual approaches are presented with careful attention to their empirical foundations and potential applications. Common techniques are highlighted and applications and future directions for mental health workforce training and research are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Education, Professional / methods*
  • Education, Professional / organization & administration
  • Evidence-Based Practice*
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Mental Health
  • Mental Health Services*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Professional Competence*
  • Program Development
  • Psychotherapy / education*
  • Teaching / methods*
  • Workforce