Nat Methods. 2011 Jan;8(1):26-9. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.f.324. Epub 2010 Dec 20.


Optogenetics is a technology that allows targeted, fast control of precisely defined events in biological systems as complex as freely moving mammals. By delivering optical control at the speed (millisecond-scale) and with the precision (cell type–specific) required for biological processing, optogenetic approaches have opened new landscapes for the study of biology, both in health and disease.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation / radiation effects
  • Genetic Techniques*
  • Humans
  • Light*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Neurons / radiation effects
  • Photic Stimulation*