Obstructive diseases of the salivary glands are a common problem, usually based on sialolithiasis, duct stenosis, foreign bodies or other more rare causes. Secretory dysfunction, often associated with Sjögren syndrome or post radiation treatment, is also a frequent problem. Several diagnostic tools exist to classify the disease; however conventional radiological imaging or ultrasound does not provide a diagnosis in 5-10% of all cases. Intraductally applied contrast-enhanced ultrasound (IA-CEUS) improves the visualization of obstructive diseases of the salivary glands. IA-CEUS is a promising tool for assessing the ductal system and to diagnose and characterize abnormalities. This study describes the assessment of IA-CEUS in diagnosing different obstructive and chronic inflammatory conditions of the salivary glands.