Determination of resveratrol and piceid in beer matrices by solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

J Chromatogr A. 2011 Feb 4;1218(5):698-705. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.12.012. Epub 2010 Dec 13.


Beer is one of the most commonly consumed undistilled alcoholic beverages in many countries. In recent studies, the stilbenes resveratrol and piceid have been found in some hop varieties which are used in the production of beer. Therefore, they could be transferred to beer. The aim of the present work was to validate a method to study the potential content of trans- and cis-resveratrol and piceid in 110 commercial beers from around the world. The resveratrol and piceid contents of 110 beers were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) after a solid-phase extraction (SPE) using optimized and validated procedures for the beer matrix. The beer matrix effect was also studied. Stilbenes were found in quantifiable amounts in 92 beers, while concentrations below the limit of quantification (LOQ) were found in 18 beers. Resveratrol was found in the range of 1.34-77.0μg/L in 79% of the beers analyzed, and piceid was found in the range of 1.80-27.3μg/L in only 33% of them. The mean of total resveratrol in all the beers was 14.7±20.5μg/L. The content of resveratrol has been compared with other resveratrol containing foods. A serving of beer contains similar amounts of stilbenes as berries, less than chocolate and grape products but more than pistachios, peanuts or tomatoes. Overall, beer is one of the products with the lowest levels of total resveratrol (μg/L), and despite its high consumption it should not be considered as a representative source of resveratrol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Beer / analysis*
  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Glucosides / analysis
  • Least-Squares Analysis
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Resveratrol
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Solid Phase Extraction / methods*
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Stilbenes / analysis*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*


  • Glucosides
  • Stilbenes
  • Resveratrol
  • polydatin