Functional role of Akt in macrophage-mediated innate immunity

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2011 Jan 1;16:517-30. doi: 10.2741/3702.

Abstract

Akt (protein kinase B) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that regulates cell metabolism, survival and proliferation. Recent studies of the role of Akt in phagocytosis, intracellular bacterial infections, LPS tolerance, production of inflammatory cytokines and mediators, and migration during macrophage-mediated innate immunity strongly suggest a pivotal role for this enzyme in the functional activation of macrophages. Considering that a variety of inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, cancer and osteoporosis, are regulated by macrophage-mediated innate immunity, efforts should be more carefully focused on understanding the function of Akt in macrophage-mediated innate immunity. Although few studies have addressed this question, this review discusses recent findings that support an important role for Akt in macrophage-mediated innate immunity and underlines the need for trials to develop pharmaceutically useful drugs that target Akt for treatment of macrophage-mediated inflammatory diseases. The findings we review here suggest that a novel and safe Akt inhibitor with strong immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties will be applied to various chronic inflammatory diseases in the near future.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / drug therapy
  • Cell Movement
  • Chemotaxis / physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Immunity, Innate*
  • Inflammation / drug therapy
  • Inflammation Mediators / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • Macrophages / immunology*
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Phagocytosis / physiology
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / chemical synthesis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / deficiency
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / immunology*
  • Shock, Septic / drug therapy

Substances

  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt