Growth Factors and their receptors in cancer metastases

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2011 Jan 1;16:531-8. doi: 10.2741/3703.

Abstract

Metastatic, rather than primary tumours are responsible for ninety percent cancer deaths. Despite significant advances in the understanding of molecular and cellular mechanisms in tumour metastases, there are limitations in preventive treatment of metastatic tumours. Much evidence arising from laboratory and clinical studies suggests that growth factors and their receptors are implicated in cancer metastases development. We review the origin and production of growth factors and their receptors in all stages of cancer metastases including epithelial-mesenchymal transition, cancer cell invasion and migration, survival within the circulation, seeding at distant organs and metastatic tumour angiogenesis. The functions of growth factors and their receptors are also discussed. This review presents the efforts made in understanding this challenge to aid in the development of new treatment strategies for cancer metastases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiopoietins / physiology
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Movement
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / physiology
  • Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition / physiology
  • ErbB Receptors / physiology
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase / physiology
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor / physiology
  • Humans
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / physiology
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology*
  • Interleukin-8 / physiology
  • Multienzyme Complexes / physiology
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness / physiopathology
  • Neoplasm Metastasis / physiopathology*
  • Neoplasm Seeding
  • Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Neoplastic Cells, Circulating / pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / physiopathology
  • Phosphodiesterase I / physiology
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • Pyrophosphatases / physiology
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / physiology
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / physiology*
  • Ribonuclease, Pancreatic / physiology
  • Smad Proteins / physiology
  • Snail Family Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / physiology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology

Substances

  • Angiopoietins
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Interleukin-8
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Smad Proteins
  • Snail Family Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1
  • angiogenin
  • Ribonuclease, Pancreatic
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • Phosphodiesterase I
  • alkylglycerophosphoethanolamine phosphodiesterase
  • Pyrophosphatases
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase