Associations between adipokines and obesity-related cancer

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2011 Jan 1;16:1634-50. doi: 10.2741/3810.

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that obesity may have pathophysiological effects that extend beyond its well-known co-morbidities; in particular its role in cancer has received considerable epidemiological support. As adipose tissue becomes strongly established as an endocrine organ, two of its most abundant and most investigated adipokines, leptin and adiponectin, are also taken beyond their traditional roles in energy homeostasis, and are implicated as mediators of the effects of obesity on cancer development. This review examines these adipokines in relation to the prostate, breast, colorectal, thyroid, renal, pancreatic, endometrial and oesophageal cancers, and how they may orchestrate the influence of obesity on the development of these malignancies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adiponectin / physiology*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Breast Neoplasms / etiology
  • Breast Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / etiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / etiology
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / etiology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / etiology
  • Kidney Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Leptin / physiology*
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / etiology
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / etiology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / etiology
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / physiopathology

Substances

  • Adiponectin
  • Leptin