Targeting EGFR in Bilio-Pancreatic and Liver Carcinoma

Front Biosci (Schol Ed). 2011 Jan 1;3:16-22. doi: 10.2741/s128.

Abstract

The key role of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) in tumorigenesis has been demonstrated in several cancer types, so recent clinical trials have investigated their activity/efficacy in different settings. Two different types of EGFR-targeted agents were developed: monoclonal antibodies such as cetuximab and panitumumab, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib. In this review, we summarize the preclinical rational of potential activity and the most important clinical trials evaluated anti-EGFR targeted agents in non-colorectal digestive cancer, both in monotherapy and in combination with other chemotherapeutic or targeted agents. Patient selection by use of biologic markers will identify which patients are more likely to respond, contributing to the successful use of these agents.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Benzenesulfonates / therapeutic use
  • Biliary Tract Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma / drug therapy*
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • Gefitinib
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Pyridines / therapeutic use
  • Quinazolines / therapeutic use
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Sorafenib

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Benzenesulfonates
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyridines
  • Quinazolines
  • Niacinamide
  • Sorafenib
  • Erlotinib Hydrochloride
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Gefitinib