Transcription factors CgUPC2A and CgUPC2B regulate ergosterol biosynthetic genes in Candida glabrata

Genes Cells. 2011 Jan;16(1):80-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2010.01470.x.


Zn[2]-Cys[6] binuclear transcription factors Upc2p and Ecm22p regulate the expression of genes involved in ergosterol biosynthesis and exogenous sterol uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified two UPC2/ECM22 homologues in the pathogenic fungus Candida glabrata which we designated CgUPC2A and CgUPC2B. The contribution of these two genes to sterol homeostasis was investigated. Cells that lack CgUPC2A (upc2AΔ) exhibited enhanced susceptibility to the sterol biosynthesis inhibitors, fluconazole and lovastatin, whereas upc2BΔ-mutant cells were as susceptible to the drugs as wild-type cells. The growth of upc2AΔ cells was also severely attenuated under anaerobic conditions. Lovastatin treatment enhanced the expression of ergosterol biosynthetic genes, ERG2 and ERG3 in wild-type and upc2BΔ but not in upc2AΔ cells. Similarly, serum-induced expression of ERG2 and ERG3 was completely impaired in upc2AΔ cells but was unaffected in upc2BΔ cells, whereas serum-induced expression of the sterol transporter gene CgAUS1 was impaired in both upc2AΔ and upc2BΔ cells. These results suggest that in C. glabrata CgUPC2A but not in CgUPC2B is the main transcriptional regulator of the genes responsible for maintaining sterol homeostasis as well as susceptibility to sterol inhibitors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / metabolism
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Candida glabrata / genetics
  • Candida glabrata / metabolism*
  • Ergosterol / biosynthesis*
  • Ergosterol / genetics*
  • Ergosterol / metabolism
  • Fluconazole / metabolism
  • Fluconazole / pharmacology
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal / drug effects
  • Genes, Fungal / drug effects
  • Lovastatin / metabolism
  • Lovastatin / pharmacology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Sterols / metabolism
  • Trans-Activators / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • ECM22 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Sterols
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • UPC2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Fluconazole
  • Lovastatin
  • Ergosterol