Increasing knowledge, interest, and visibility in the field of sports medicine has equipped clinicians in the field with a novel array of diagnostic and therapeutic options but has also provided a higher level of complexity in patient care. True understanding of the vast spectrum of radiographic technology available to the sports clinician has become more critical than ever. Advances particularly in the areas of magnetic resonance imaging, diagnostic office ultrasound, and 3-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography, as well as nuclear medicine, offer the clinician a myriad of diagnostic options in patient evaluation. As these advances accumulate, the challenge to optimize care, contain cost, and interpret the extensive data generated becomes even more difficult to manage. Improving technology, education, and application of office ultrasound offers an interesting new tool for the bedside evaluation in real time of dynamic motion and pathology of sports-related injuries. As studies continue to validate ultrasound's effectiveness in diagnosing injuries to the upper and lower extremities compared with more costly magnetic resonance imaging and more invasive exploratory surgery, its promise as a cost-effective diagnostic tool is growing. A particularly promising development in the care of sports injuries is the expansion of injection therapies, and in-office ultrasound provides assurance that prolotherapy, platelet-rich plasma, dry needling, corticosteroid, and viscosupplementation are delivered accurately and safely. Communication with patients continues to increase in complexity because a greater understanding of the presence of radiographic abnormalities irrelevant to the current complaint is gained. All the accumulated data must then be interpreted and communicated to the patient with a firm understanding of not only the patient history and physical examination but also the availability, indications, contraindications, sensitivity, specificity, and even the cost implications of the spectrum of diagnostic options.