A highly sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantification of midazolam and its major metabolites 1'-hydroxymidazolam and 4-hydroxymidazolam in human plasma was developed and validated. Stable isotope-labeled midazolam-D(4) and 1'-hydroxymidazolam-D(4) were used as internal standards. Compounds were extracted from 0.5 mL plasma by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate-heptane (1:4). Chromatography was achieved using a Sunfire C(18) column. The mobile phase was a gradient with 10 m m formic acid in Milli-Q water and methanol at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. Total run time was 10 min. Detection was performed using a tandem mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization. Calibration curves were linear over the range of 0.10-50.0 ng/mL for midazolam and 0.025-25.0 ng/mL for both metabolites. For all compounds the lower limit of quantification was 0.10 ng/mL. Imprecision was assessed according to the NCCLS EP5-T guideline and was below 10% for all compounds. Mean recoveries were between 94 and 109% for midazolam and its metabolites. The validated method was successfully applied in a pharmacokinetic study investigating in vivo CYP3A-activity in a large cohort of renal allograft recipients using sub-therapeutic doses of midazolam as a drug-probe.
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.