Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 10 (3), 540-9

Antagonism of VEGF by Genetically Engineered Dendritic Cells Is Essential to Induce Antitumor Immunity Against Malignant Ascites

Affiliations

Antagonism of VEGF by Genetically Engineered Dendritic Cells Is Essential to Induce Antitumor Immunity Against Malignant Ascites

Masahiko Sugiyama et al. Mol Cancer Ther.

Abstract

Malignant ascitis (MA) is a highly intractable and immunotherapy-resistant state of advanced gastrointestinal and ovarian cancers. Using a murine model of MA with CT26 colon cancer cells, we here determined that the imbalance between the VEGF-A/vascular permeability factor and its decoy receptor, soluble fms-like tryrosine kinase receptor-1 (sFLT-1), was a major cause of MA resistance to dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy. We found that the ratio of VEGF-A/sFLT-1 was increased not only in murine but also in human MA, and F-gene-deleted recombinant Sendai virus (rSeV/dF)-mediated secretion of human sFLT-1 by DCs augmented not only the activity of DCs themselves, but also dramatically improved the survival of tumor-bearing animals associated with enhanced CTL activity and its infiltration to peritoneal tumors. These findings were not seen in immunodeficient mice, indicating that a VEGF-A/sFLT-1 imbalance is critical for determining the antitumor immune response by DC-vaccination therapy against MA.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Substances

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback