Esophagobronchial fistula and mediastinal tuberculosis

Ann Thorac Surg. 1990 Oct;50(4):647-9. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(90)90207-m.


A 59-year-old man was seen with what preoperatively was thought to be an acquired esophagobronchial fistula secondary to an old burned-out infection with tuberculosis. At operation the gross and microscopic findings were most compatible with a congenital H-shaped esophagobronchial fistula. However, cultures of calcified lymph nodes grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The need for culturing calcified tissue to assure proper treatment is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Bronchial Fistula / microbiology*
  • Calcinosis / microbiology
  • Esophageal Fistula / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes / microbiology
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Diseases / microbiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary*