National serologic survey of Haematobium schistosomiasis in Morocco: evidence for elimination

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Jan;84(1):15-9. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0378.


The Moroccan Health Ministry launched a Process of Eliminating Schistosomiasis in 1994. During 2005-2009, the epidemiologic status showed a clear interruption of disease transmission at the national level; only a few residual cases were recorded. Our present study is the first systematic serologic survey to evaluate the transmission status in remaining disease-endemic foci. A study population of 2,382 children born after the date of the last autochthonous cases were selected from provinces with histories of high schistosomiasis transmission (Tata, Chtouka Ait Baha, Errachidia, El Kelaa Des Sraghna, and Beni Mellal). To identify the presence of disease, specific antibodies directed against Schistosoma haematobium adult worm microsomal antigens were detected by using an enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot assay. The results showed an absence of antibodies in all serum samples. Consequently, our findings confirm either a low transmission status or an interruption of schistosomiasis transmission within the last disease endemic foci.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electrochemical Techniques
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Morocco / epidemiology
  • Schistosomiasis haematobia / blood
  • Schistosomiasis haematobia / epidemiology*
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies