Intramural blood pools accompanying aortic intramural hematoma: CT appearance and natural course

Radiology. 2011 Mar;258(3):705-13. doi: 10.1148/radiol.10101270. Epub 2011 Jan 6.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate multidetector computed tomographic (CT) images to investigate the prevalence, morphology, natural course, and prognostic effect of intramural blood pools (IBPs) in patients with acute intramural hematoma (IMH).

Materials and methods: Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained. Sixty-five patients (41 men; mean age, 65.9 years ± 11.3 [standard deviation]) with acute IMH undergoing three or more multidetector CT examinations during follow-up for 12 months or longer (median = 18 months), except for those undergoing surgery (n = 16), were enrolled. Associated factors of developing and resorption of IBP in IMH were analyzed by using logistic regression.

Results: There were 40 IBPs in 10 patients at initial multidetector CT, and 15 new IBPs developed in 11 patients during follow-up. IBPs occurred most in the descending thoracic (55% [31 of 56]) and abdominal (41% [23 of 56]) aorta in 28% (18 of 65) of patients. During 33.8 months (range, 2.8-50 months) of follow-up in these 18 patients, 57% (32 of 56) of IBPs showed complete resorption in 15 patients, 29% (16 of 56) of IBPs showed incomplete resorption in eight patients, and 14% (eight of 56) of IBPs had interrupted follow-up because of surgery or death in three patients. Logistic regression showed that age younger than 70 years (odds ratio [OR], 8.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03, 76.9) and IMH wall thickness greater than 10 mm (OR, 4.93; 95% CI: 1.04, 23.0) were associated with developing IBP at initial multidetector CT, while IBP with larger transmural diameter (OR, 1.16; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.31) and multidetector CT-demonstrated connection with intercostal or lumbar artery (63% [35 of 56]) (OR, 5.44; 95% CI: 1.43, 20.9) were associated with incomplete resorption.

Conclusion: IBPs are frequently observed at multidetector CT in patients with IMH. They may resolve over time or appear during follow-up. These findings are not associated with a poor prognosis, and IBPs should be distinguished from ulcerlike projections.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aortic Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Diseases / epidemiology
  • Aortic Diseases / pathology
  • Female
  • Hematoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hematoma / epidemiology
  • Hematoma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*