When disasters strike, local physicians are at the front lines of the response in their community. Curriculum guidelines have been developed to aid in preparation of family medicine residents to fulfill this role. Disaster responsiveness has recently been added to the Residency Review Committee Program Requirements in Community Medicine with little family medicine literature support. In this article, the evidence in support of disaster training in a variety of settings is reviewed. Published evidence of improved educational or patient-oriented outcomes as a result of disaster training in general, or of specific educational modalities, is weak. As disaster preparedness and disaster training continue to be implemented, the authors call for increased outcome-based research in disaster response training.