Control and eradication of Brucella melitensis infection in sheep and goats

Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2011 Mar;27(1):95-104. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2010.10.003.


Brucella melitensis is the main etiological agent of brucellosis in sheep and goats, and is also the main agent responsible for human brucellosis, a predominantly occupational disease related to professions in direct contact with livestock. As there is currently no viable method of preventing human brucellosis to safeguard people attention must be directed toward effectively controlling the disease in sheep and goats. This review focuses on the different strategies in different socioeconomic and epidemiologic situations that can be applied to either control or eradicate brucellosis in sheep and goats.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brucella Vaccine / administration & dosage*
  • Brucella melitensis*
  • Brucellosis / diagnosis
  • Brucellosis / prevention & control
  • Brucellosis / transmission
  • Brucellosis / veterinary*
  • Goat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Goat Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Goat Diseases / transmission
  • Goats
  • Humans
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / diagnosis
  • Sheep Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Sheep Diseases / transmission
  • Zoonoses


  • Brucella Vaccine