Notch receptors in a given cell are activated by cell surface ligands in neighbouring cells but can also be inhibited by the ligands present within the same cell. This process is known as cis-inhibition of Notch. Additionally, reciprocal cis-inhibition of the ligands by Notch has also been observed, albeit to a limited extent. Here, we review the mechanisms, functional relevance and potential implications of these cis-inhibitory interactions for Notch-mediated fate decisions.
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