Sequestration of organochlorine pesticides in soils of distinct organic carbon content

Environ Pollut. 2011 Mar;159(3):700-5. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.011. Epub 2011 Jan 8.

Abstract

In the present study, five soil samples with organic carbon contents ranging from 0.23% to 7.1% and aged with technical dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) for 15 months were incubated in a sealed chamber to investigate the dynamic changes of the OCP residues. The residues in the soils decreased over the incubation period and finally reached a plateau. Regression analysis showed that degradable fractions of OCPs were negatively correlated with soil organic carbon (SOC) except for α-HCH, while no correlation was found between degradation rate and SOC, which demonstrated that SOC content determines the OCP sequestration fraction in soil. Analysis of the ratio of DDT and its primary metabolites showed that, since it depends on differential sequestration among them, magnitude of (p,p'-DDE + p,p'-DDD)/p,p'-DDT is not a reliable criterion for the identification of new DDT sources.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbon / chemistry
  • Carbon / metabolism
  • China
  • DDT / analysis
  • DDT / metabolism*
  • Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene / analysis
  • Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene / metabolism
  • Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane / analysis
  • Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane / metabolism
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane / analysis
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane / metabolism*
  • Insecticides / analysis
  • Insecticides / metabolism
  • Organic Chemicals / chemistry
  • Organic Chemicals / metabolism
  • Pesticide Residues / analysis
  • Pesticide Residues / metabolism*
  • Soil / analysis
  • Soil / chemistry
  • Soil Pollutants / analysis
  • Soil Pollutants / metabolism

Substances

  • Insecticides
  • Organic Chemicals
  • Pesticide Residues
  • Soil
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene
  • Hexachlorocyclohexane
  • Carbon
  • DDT
  • Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane