Introduction: Experiments were designed to investigate the effects of ethyl pyruvate (EP) in a murine model of hind-limb ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury.
Methods: C57BL6 mice underwent 90 minutes of unilateral ischemia followed by 24 hours of reperfusion using two treatment protocols. For the preischemic treatment (pre-I) protocol, mice (n=6) were given 300 mg/kg EP before ischemia, followed by 150 mg/kg of EP just before reperfusion and at 6 hours and 12 hours after reperfusion. In a postischemic treatment (post-I) protocol, mice (n=7) were treated with 300 mg/kg EP at the end of the ischemic period, then 15 minutes later, and 2 hours after reperfusion and 150 mg/kg of EP at 4 hours, 6 hours, 10 hours, 16 hours, and 22 hours after reperfusion. Controls mice for both protocols were treated with lactated Ringers alone at time intervals identical to EP. Skeletal muscle levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), interleukin-1β, keratinocyte chemoattractant protein, and thrombin antithrombin-3 complex were measured. Skeletal muscle architectural integrity was assessed microscopically.
Results: ATP levels were higher in mice treated with EP compared with controls under the both treatment protocols (p=0.02). Interleukin-1β, keratinocyte chemoattractant protein, thrombin antithrombin-3 complex (p<0.05), and the percentage of injured fibers (p<0.0001) were significantly decreased in treated versus control mice under the both protocols.
Conclusion: Muscle fiber injury and markers of tissue thrombosis and inflammation were reduced, and ATP was preserved with EP in pre-I and post-I protocols. Further investigation of the efficacy of EP to modulate IR injury in a larger animal model of IR injury is warranted.