The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing battery and traditional neuropsychological measures: a construct and concurrent validity study

Brain Inj. 2011;25(2):179-91. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2010.541897.


Primary objective: This study examined the construct and concurrent validity of ImPACT, a computerized neuropsychological test battery used for evaluating sports-related concussion.

Research design: Approximately 100 neurologically intact undergraduates completed ImPACT and a battery of traditional neuropsychological tests utilized by the National Football League (NFL).

Methods and procedures: Participants completed the two batteries in a counterbalanced order. Factor analyses examined the component structure of ImPACT and the NFL battery's factor structure. Correlational analyses assessed relationships among variables within and across the two batteries.

Main results: A four-factor solution explaining 70% of variance was found with the NFL battery, including general memory, mental processing speed, verbal memory and processing speed and auditory and verbal working memory. A five-factor solution explaining 69% of variance was found with the ImPACT battery, with components assessing forced choice efficiency, verbal and visual memory, inhibitory cognitive abilities, visual processing abilities with a memory component and a factor with a single loading from Colour Match Total Commissions. Correlations revealed a range of significant and non-significant correlations between the two batteries.

Conclusions: While both batteries overlap regarding their assessed constructs (e.g. memory, inhibitory cognitive abilities) notable differences in their factor structures were present as well.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Athletic Injuries / psychology*
  • Brain Concussion / psychology*
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests / standards*
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Reaction Time
  • Reproducibility of Results