A point prevalence survey of antibiotic prescriptions: benchmarking and patterns of use

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2011 Feb;71(2):293-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2010.03840.x.


Aim: The aim of the study was to assess current patterns of antibiotic prescribing and the impact of a hospital antibiotic policy on these practices.

Methods: The study involved collecting information regarding hospitalized patients utilizing the ESAC audit tool.

Results: In the study site hospital, the use of the restricted agents was low whilst the use of the non-restricted agents was high. Compliance with the hospital antibiotic guidelines was 70%.

Discussion: The findings identified monitoring non-restricted antibiotics and compliance with guidelines as targets for quality improvements in our hospital. Point prevalence surveys may offer a simple method of monitoring antibiotic policies, thus, informing antibiotic stewardship.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Benchmarking
  • Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data*
  • Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data
  • Drug Utilization Review
  • Europe
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Northern Ireland
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / statistics & numerical data*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents