Foot care education in patients with diabetes at low risk of complications: a consensus statement

Diabet Med. 2011 Feb;28(2):162-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2010.03206.x.

Abstract

Aims: To define and agree a practical educational framework for delivery by all healthcare professionals managing patients with diabetes, particularly those at low risk of developing foot complications.

Methods: A consensus meeting of a multidisciplinary expert panel. Prior to the meeting, relevant clinical papers were disseminated to the panel for review. The consensus was largely based upon the experts' clinical experience and judgement.

Results: Four main health behaviours were identified for those at low risk of developing foot complications, namely: control of blood glucose levels; attendance at annual foot screening examination; reporting of any changes in foot health immediately; and the engagement in a simple daily foot care routine.

Conclusion: There is currently little evidence-based literature to support specific foot care practices. Patients with diabetes at low risk of developing complications should be encouraged to undertake a basic foot care regimen to reduce their likelihood of developing complications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy*
  • Diabetic Foot / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Foot / prevention & control*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / diagnosis
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Care / psychology
  • Self Care / standards*