Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2011 Apr;31(6):696-705.
doi: 10.1177/0333102410394677. Epub 2011 Jan 10.

Influence of Retirement and Work Stress on Headache Prevalence: A Longitudinal Modelling Study From the GAZEL Cohort Study

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Influence of Retirement and Work Stress on Headache Prevalence: A Longitudinal Modelling Study From the GAZEL Cohort Study

Noora Sjösten et al. Cephalalgia. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Aims: The aims of this study were to examine trajectories of headache in relation to retirement and to clarify the role of work stress and stress-prone personality.

Methods: Headache prevalence during the 7 years before and after retirement was measured by annual questionnaires from GAZEL cohort comprising French national gas and electricity company employees (n = 12,913). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for headache during pre- peri- and post-retirement were calculated. The role of effect modifiers (work stress, type A or hostile personality) was tested by multiplicative interactions and synergy indices.

Results: An 11-13% reduction in headache prevalence was found during pre- and post-retirement, whereas decline was much steeper (46%) during the retirement transition. In absolute terms, the decline was greater among persons with high work stress or stress-prone personality than among other participants.

Conclusions: Retirement is associated with a decrease in headache prevalence, particularly among persons with a high amount of work stress or proneness to over-react to stress.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Prevalence of headache in relation to retirement among all statutory retirees (N=12,913), adjusted for time of data collection (1993 -99 or 2000 -07).
Figure 2
Figure 2
Relative risk of headache with contributions from different exposure categories (working status and type-A personality).
Figure 3
Figure 3
Relative risk of headache with contributions from different exposure categories (working status and hostile personality).

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 12 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback