Introduction: We evaluated the feasibility of employing a self-expanding stent (Neuroform) in treatment of acute cerebral ischemia and compared the results of primary and secondary stenting.
Methods: We analyzed the treatment results of 14 acute ischemic stroke patients (11 men and three women; median age, 65 years) who were treated with Neuroform stents. Seven patients received stent placement for primary recanalization and a further seven for secondary recanalization. We performed between-group comparisons of all of overall procedure duration, recanalization rate immediately after stenting, need for additional measures after stenting, final recanalization rate, occurrence of hemorrhagic transformation, early re-occlusion rate after 24 h, and 3-month functional recovery rate (mRS ≤2).
Results: The median interval from femoral puncture to stent placement was 61.5 min and was significantly shorter in the primary than in the secondary group (55 vs. 95 min, p = 0.004). The recanalization rate immediately after stenting was 42.9% and was greater in the primary than in the secondary group (71.4% vs. 14.3%, p = 0.1). Thirteen patients required various additional therapeutic measures. The final recanalization rate was 78.6%, attributable to improvements in the recanalization rate of the secondary group (71.4% vs. 85.7%). Early hemorrhagic transformation was noted in four patients, but only one patient became symptomatic (symptomatic hemorrhage, 7.1%). Good functional recovery was noted in eight patients (57.1%).
Conclusion: Placement of a self-expanding stent during endovascular recanalization of acute ischemic stroke was both feasible and safe. Primary use of this method may enhance early recanalization.